South Africa Health - South Africa Malaria - South Africa HIV / AIDS - South Africa Vaccinations
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South Africa requires no proof of immunization at entry. However, persons arriving from South America or one of the African areas with yellow fever, have to produce an International Vaccination Card to prove a yellow fever immunization.

A traveller should in general be inoculated against diphtheria, tetanus, polio, hepatitis A and measles.

Mosquito NetSouth Africa is generally malaria-free with the exception of a few areas in the subtropical/ tropical parts of the country. At present these areas are: Kruger National Park, the north-eastern part of KwaZulu-Natal (Umfolozi, Hluhluwe, St. Lucia, Kosi Bay, Pongola) and the north-east of Namibia (Kavangoland, Kaudom, Caprivi). For these parts malaria prophylaxis is recommended. The risk to be bitten by a carrier mosquito is estimated at 1:25,000 bites. Most cases occur in the humid months from December to April. The prevention remedy of choice is usually Lariam (or Nivaquine, Plasmoquine). Consult your medical doctor.

Prevent yourself from being bitten by mosquitos in the first place by using a good repellent, e.g. Tabard. At night and in the afternoon wear socks, shoes and a shirt with long sleeves, and use a mosquito net at night.

In some rivers and lakes in the northern parts of the Eastern Cape, in KwaZulu-Natal (except the Drakensberg) and in the northern provinces of South Africa Billharzia (Schistosomiasis) is common. The torpedo-shaped worms drill themselves within minutes through the human skin. They spread into the liver, bladder and colon. Grown worms are 10 to 20 mm long and can live up to 15 years. They produce 3000 eggs per day which are excreted with urine and stool. Typical symptom is blood in urine and stool. If not treated for years, it can cause severe liver damage. If diagnosed, it can be cured within a few days.

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